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José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda is a celebrated national hero of the Philippines. He was a polymath who excelled in multiple fields of learning. He could essay the roles of a diarist, poet, novelist, and correspondent with equal proficiency and craft. What is even more fascinating is that not only was he a prolific writer, but also a true patriot who was a passionate advocator of reforms in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. To commemorate this national hero’s contribution to society, the Filipinos celebrate Rizal’s death anniversary as a Philippine holiday aptly called, the Rizal Day. In 1896, after a military trial, Rizal was executed and it is believed that this martyr was the spur for the Philippine Revolution.

Rizal’s two famous novels include Noli me Tangere and El filibusterismo. Let us now, take a look at a list of his poems.

Poems of José Rizal

  • Sa Aking mga Kabata (written by Rizal at the age of 8, dealing with the theme of love for one’s language)
  • To the Virgin Mary
  • Education Gives Luster to the Motherland
  • To Josephine
  • To the Philippines Youth
  • Song of Maria Clara
  • A Poem that has No Title
  • Kundiman
  • Hymn to Labor
  • Memories of my Town
  • Our Mother Tongue
  • To the Philippines
  • Mi Ultimo Adios (My Last Goodbye – last poem written by Rizal)
  • “Farewell, my adored Land, region of the sun caressed,
  • Pearl of the Orient Sea, our Eden lost,
  • With gladness I give you my Life, sad and repressed;
  • And were it more brilliant, more fresh and at its best,
  • I would still give it to you for your welfare at most.” – from Mi Ultimo Adios by José Rizal

These words will always echo in the hearts of people who love their country. The poem also reflects on Rizal’s love for his country men. He is still remembered and revered for his courage, conviction and compassion. He attempted to fight against tyranny with peace and hope and his martyrdom at the young age of 35 motivated Philippines to continue down the road of struggle.

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